Profile of Mokokchung


Mokokchung town is situated in the Northeastern state of Nagaland. The headquarters of the Mokokchung district is located at Mokokchung town. The Mokokchung town is the main urban hub of the district and also Nagaland after Kohima and Dimapur. Mokokchung is agriculturally and industrially among the most progressive areas of Nagaland.
The literacy rate of Mokokchung is the highest in Nagaland and one of the highest in India.

Past

Mokokchung was one of the first Naga Hills sites where the Assam rifles established their outposts on the later part of the 19th century. Much of the town of Mokokchung grew around this post located in the DC hill. The British administration was then gradually extended eastwards towards the remoter parts of the Naga Hills.

Geography

The Mokokchung district covers an area of 1,615 sq km. It lies between 93.53 and 94.53 degrees longitude and 25.56 degrees latitude. Mokokchung district shares its borders with Tuensang to the east, the state of Assam to the north, Zunheboto to the south and Wokha to the west.

Physiography

There are six distinct hill ranges here. The ranges are parallel to each other. They run southeast direction. Between the ranges there are glens and gorges through which flow the hill streams. There are two small valleys- Changki and Tuli. Both the valleys are on the western side of the district adjoining the plains of the Sibsagar district of Assam. The Mokokchung district is sub divided into ranges. They are:

Tzurangkong Range: They are pimples of hillock thrown at random adjoining the plains of Assam mostly along the valley of Dissai and Jhanzi before they flow into the plains of Assam. These hillocks are densely covered with bamboo. The climate of the entire range is warm.

Japukong Range: It is the outermost range stretching from northeast to southwest lying to the interior south of Tzurangkong range.

Changkikong Range: This range is parallel to the east of Japukong range. It is said that the Changki village was founded by a man called Changki. The range derives its name after him and is called Changkikong.

Asetkong Range: It is the central range. It runs from east to west. Compared to the other ranges it is the shortest. The range lies between Melak and Menung rivers. The range resembles an island. Aset means an island. Therefore, the range is called Asetkong.

Langpangkong Range: It is the easternmost range skirting along the course of Dikhu river. The river forms a natural boundary line of Mokokchung with Tuensang and Mon district. The range is spread like a bed. Langpang means bed. Therefore the range is named Langpangkong.

Ongpangkong Range: It is the southernmost range. It forms an irregular boundary of the Ao area with that of the Lothas and Semas to the east. It is called Ongpangkong as the land is higher and cooler than the other ranges.

The soil types of the district are alluvial soil, non laterite soil and forest soil.The major rivers of the district are Melak, Dikhu and Tsurang.


Demography

According to 2011 India census Mokokchung district has a total population of 193,171.  For every 1000 males there are 927 females. The literacy rate of Mokokchung district is 92.68 %.

Community

Ao Nagas are the main inhabitants of the district. Christianity is the predominant religion here. 90 % of the population of the district is Baptist. The district is the main Baptist belt in India. Mokokchung was the first to embrace Christianity in the later part of the 19th century. The main town Baptist church, located at the heart of the city, is one of the largest churches in Asia. Hinduism, Sikhism and Islam are followed by the other community people who are mainly migrants.

Culture

Mokokchung is regarded as the intellectual and cultural capital of Nagaland. The Ao Nagas have their distinct tradition and culture. People of the district follow Christian religion. Christmas, New Year, Moatsu and Tsungremong are celebrated with much fanfare in the district. Christmas and New Year is celebrated in a unique way here. The Ao tribe celebrates Moatsu and Tsungrem as festivals of harvest in the months of March and August.


Economy

Agriculture is the main mode of living of the people. The major crops are rice, maize, Naga dal, soyabeans, pea, tea, orange and mustard eke. The district is also industrially developed. The major agricultural regions are Changki-Longnak, Tsurang, Milak and Dikhu valley. Tuli-Milak and Changki-Longnak are the major industrial areas.

Media & Broadcast

There is All India Radio, Mokokchung, Ao Milen newspaper and Tir Yimyim newspaper in Mokokchung.

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